عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Man is naturally engaged in transactions and calculations and chooses the thing that is worth buying. What makes life worth living? What is the worth of life in spite of sufferings, frustrations and hardships? Or, what values does it have that gives priority to its existence over its non-existence and its acceptance over its non-acceptance?
Mullā Ñadrā, the great philosopher of the Islamic world, in accordance with the principles of Transcendent Wisdom, sees the existence as value, good and perfection. Life, which is existential, has also an essential value. Since the existence has different gradations, the value of man’s life is in accord with his specific degree. Of course, there are some other values, volitional or genetic, considered by Mullā Ñadrā as adorning the life.
God’s pleasure, man’s dignity, divine primordial nature, eternity, and love are among values of life. Also, any good relationship with the source of existence and the highest perfection is seen as a value. Therefore, relationship with God is the criterion for the value of life. Man’s divine, primordial nature indicates that values flow out from within human being and there is no need of seeking validity from outside. Man’s dignity is existential and made by God; thus it is real and not mentally posited. The substance of man’s superiority and dignity lies in his capacity in acquiring knowledge – what gave man precedence over the angel. According to Mullā sadrā, love is present in every existent. As the existence becomes more intensified, love becomes stronger and as the soul is higher and nobler, its object of love would be subtler and more precious. Immortality is a value and death is not in conflict with it. Man attains a higher rank and a real life at death. Thus, the value of life depends on existential values of human being. These values have strengths and weaknesses. Therefore, the value of life has also degrees and stages.