نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
عنوان مقاله [English]
It is widely held by the philosophers that the principle of rational good and evil is an accepted truth and a view welcomed by all and it is reliable and a valid truth based solely on the views of the wise thinker; this is why it can be used in dialectics. However, it seems to be among the evident premises and thus being capable of being used in demonstrative reasoning. In this paper, first the widely held view of the philosophers has been studied and criticized and the pretexts of this undue view have been specified. Second, the two contemporary views on the criterion for the rational good and evil have been studied and finally the viewpoint that maintains “the good and evil of the inherent propositions of the experimental intellect is self-evident” has been chosen and explained.