عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
The dichotomy between the natural and human sciences is one of the most established dichotomies in Western thought. This dichotomy, as exemplified in Western philosophy, has been very consequential. The author, referring to this dichotomy and its consequences, elucidates it inherent incongruity with religious thought. In expounding on the topic he uses MullÁ ÑadrÁ’s philosophical discussions on the human soul to put forth his hierarchical model of religious knowledge. Three important consequences and characteristics of this model are that it is: non-reductionist, non-interpretive, and anti-naturalistic; all of which are discussed and analysed in the text of the article. It is noted that: there are different types of reductionism which, it is argued, are acceptable only to the extent that they do not reduce the most fundamental dimension of man to just his material aspect; explanation and interpretation form a hierarchical continuum; and naturalism employs a single methodology in both the experimental and the human sciences or even stresses that the subject matter of these sciences is one and the same. Anti-naturalist stances, on the other hand, hold that both the methodology and the subject matter of these two fields differ. The debate between naturalism and anti-naturalism has a long history. According to the hierarchical model, the natural and the human sciences are fundamentally different.