عنوان مقاله [English]
The design argument is the simplest and most basic argument to prove the existence of God. The simplicity of the argument is attractive and convincing for the general audience. The interpretation based on parable was the simplest interpretation. With the progress of experimental science and empiricism, the argument of design was seriously criticized. Hume''s critiques officially sounded the alarm about the ineffectiveness of this argument. Therefore, the traditional interpretations of the proof of design were severely shaken. The theory of evolution weighed the scales in favor of the critics of the design argument. In the meantime, theologians in the tradition of Western philosophy have arisen with the idea of reforming and reconstructing this argument. Richard Swinburne was among these theologians. By resorting to the distinction between two types of order, the principle of explanation and the principle of simplicity, he has presented an inductive exposition suitable to contemporary scientific discourses and has given new life to the argument of design. In the Islamic world, Javadi Amoli has reconstructed the traditional interpretation based on analogies. Javadi Amoli''s interpretation despite adhering to the traditional method of reasoning, i.e. deductive reasoning in explaining the premises, has tried to solve the problem of induction in observing the order through the present science. The order of genetic , which originates from objectivity and external existence, is justified only based on the principle of causality, and any chance, possibility, and blind coincidence are ruled out.