عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
In addition to describing his own positions about sublime happiness (al-saÝÁdat al-quÒwÁ), Ibn Miskawayh gives an account of the views of the earlier philosophers and explores the views of Pythagoras, Socrates, Plato and Aristotle. To explain the views of Ibn Miskawayh about sublime happiness, his account can be divided into two negative and positive sections: according to his negative account, the attainment of sublime happiness is not enjoyment of physical pleasures. As in his negative explanation, sublime happiness would not lie in the attainment of happiness. And in the positive explanation there are six criteria (attainment of horizons of angels, receiving wisdom from inhabitants of the Highest Chiefs (al-malaÞ al-aÝlÁ), loving movement towards God, achieving ultimate perfection in the two theoretical and practical dimensions, the attainment of unlimited blessings of paradise and seeking to be nearer to God). The author argues that these criteria are not mutually exclusive, rather they can be brought together. Although some of these criteria are vulnerable to criticism, overall they are indicative of Ibn Miskawayh’s strong influence by the sacred religion of Islam.