عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
The general principles have an important role in agreement or disagreement in philosophical theories. "The simplicity of existence" is one of the principles that Mulla Sadra projected in general principles against Peripatetic philosophy. So, the question can be posed: What is the main different view between Transcendent and Peripatetic philosophies that one accepted it as a common introduction to his philosophy and the other disallowed? The main aim of design and reply to this question is to find the Transcendent philosophy view toward the fundamental issue of philosophy and its difference from pervious philosophies. This article with comparatively analytical method tries to explain the viewpoint of Transcendent and Peripatetic philosophies toward the simplicity of existence, regard for the separation between the concept of simplicity of existence and of reality of existence, and to request the principles for the simplicity of existence and for its aims and subsequences. Peripatetic philosophy presents the truth of existence as only abstract fact which mind attains it in the analysis of objects of universe, but rather transcendent philosophy regards it as external objectivity, the premier fact than only abstract one. This viewpoint explores multiplicity in existence, i.e. the unified factor. So, Peripatetic philosophy should consider the simplicity of existence as something relating to mind, though Transcendent philosophy considers it in the middle of external universe. To explain Transcendent view, we can be supported by Basit al- Haqiqa principle.