عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
When we consider the structure and general framework of a science outside its domain and inquire about such issues as nature, subject, first principles, problems, method and its final goal, we are actually dealing with the philosophy of that science. One of the sciences that flourished in the context of the Islamic culture was practical mysticism. The science of practical mysticism addresses wayfaring and spiritual journey (sulūk) exploring its elements, stages and impediments. Destiny of mysticism, its truth or falsehood as well as its evolution is tied to the revision of discussions of practical mysticism. Diversity of various groups and mystical orders, first and foremost, is due to the differences in their practical mysticism; as the worth and value of mystical experiences is, to a great extent, contingent upon the mystical curriculum of the wayfarer. Thus, revising discussions of practical mysticism is essential to the development of mysticism, its reformation and reinforcement, as well as its prevention from deviations. In order to revise practical mysticism, one must study its overall structure. Revision of its principles and underpinnings, exploring its boundaries, delving into its resources and method, paying attention to the relationship of this science with other disciplines, and reexamination of its structure and general principles pave the way for innovations and developments in this sphere. Some of these subjects have been treated briefly in the predicative mystical works; however, the time has come for us to deal independently and at length with “the philosophy of practical mysticism” as we deal with the second-rate philosophies. Obviously, this is beyond the scope of an article. Hence, this article examines some of the key points of this subject succinctly. Further relevant issues will be addressed in other opportunities.