عنوان مقاله [English]
The subject of this paper is the meaning of life and its question is what is the nature and purpose of worldly life from the perspective of Allamah Tabataba’i. Trying to provide a new answer based on the theory of the conventional and Wilaya theory in Qur'an and Islamic mysticism reveals the need to address this issue. Firstly, we will present the problem, then the answers of Allameh and other scholars, and finally we will compare these answers. For Allameh, this world is an effect of former worlds and at the time of resurrection it will return to its very cause. This-worldly life is a mixture of true, esoteric, and developmental existence, or the hardware, with conventional, superficial, institutional existence, or software. As a result, the goal of this-worldly life and the fall of man is the emergence of that inner nature in this appearance in order to experience the lowest order of being and summing it up with the previous and higher orders to reach to the status of Wilaya (which is the inclusiveness of the first and the last, the inner and the outer), and to become the caliph of God on the earth. The innovative aspect of this research is precisely the use of the theory of the conventional and Wilaya theory to answer the question of the meaning of life and criticizing the answers of other scholars.